December 03, 2011

Medicinal Plants 2

Clitoria ternatea (Aprajita)
Plant is a climbing vine. It is often planted as an ornamental plant for its beautiful blue flowers. Leaves are used for ear ache, fever and for curing ulcer. 
Clitoria ternatea
Pisum sativum (Hawaithrak)
It is a herbaceous climber. Seeds, tender shoots and pods are used as vegetables. Seeds are used as emollient on face and measles.
Pisum sativum
Azadirachta indica (Neem)
It is partially evergreen medium height tree, can be considered as deciduous. Leaf and bark juice are consumed to eliminate the problem of sugar. Leaf, fruit and seed extracts are used as insect repellents. Twigs or small branches are used as tooth brush, as it is good for gum and teeth. Leaves are good in scabies, eczema and other skin diseases. Also used in small and chicken poxes, measles, and as anthelmintic. The oil prepared from the seed pulp is known to be good in small pox and sores. Leaves are also eaten for blood purification. 
Azadirachta indica
Bixa orellana (Ureirom)
Plant is a shrub. A dark yellow dye is obtained from ripe seeds which are used for dyeing cloth and some food products (butter, cheese etc.). Fibre obtained from the bark is used for rope making. Stem bark juice is used in dysentery and  kidney trouble. Seeds are used as a remedy for gonorrhoea.
Bixa orellana
Cassia fistula (Chahui)
Plant is a small tree. Wood is used for housing pupose making furniture, agricultural implements, cart wheels, rice pounders etc. It is used for common cold, constipation and septic ulcer.
Cassia fistula

Cyperus rotundus (Shembang kaothum)
Plant is a perennial erect sedge with stoloniferous rhizome. It is used during stomach discomfort.
Cyperus rotundus

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